Khmer Homeland

The Kingdom of Cambodia, formerly known as Kampuchea, has its name derived from the Sanskrit name Kambujadesa.

   Location And Area

Cambodia MapCambodia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam, is situated in Southeast Asia.

Cambodia covers a total area of 181,035 square kilometers in the heart of South East Asia and it lies completely within the tropics where its southernmost points are only slightly more than 10º above the equator.

Two dominant features are the Tonlé Sap Lake and the Mekong River, which traverse the country from north to south.

The Mekong River, the 12th longest river in the world, basically runs through southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam before spilling into the sea.

Besides Minerals, Oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia’s territorial waters and the potential revenues will surely contribute to the future of Cambodia’s economy.


Total population is 14 million. Ninety per cent of residents are Khmer; the rest are Cham (Khmer Muslim), Chinese, Vietnamese, Indian, Thai, Phnorng, Kuoy, Stieng, Tamil, etc. Chinese influence is strong, particularly in the business sector. Population density is 78/ km2.


Like most of Southeast Asia, Cambodia’s climate is hot and warm almost all year round. The climate is dominated by the annual monsoon cycle of rainy and dry seasons. The rainy season lasts from May to October, and the dry season from November to April. December to January are the cool months while the hottest period is in April. The average temperature is 27-28ºC.

The monsoon season may carry some rains but these quite often occur during the late evening and overnight and are unlikely to spoil your enjoyment.

National Flag   National Flag

The flag of Cambodia symbolizes the country’s religious dignity and royalty. Two large blue stripes representing royalty, embrace an even larger red stripe which represents the nation. The image of the white temple represents the nation’s religion. Generally speaking, the colors and image on the Cambodian flag personify the country’s slogan: Nation, Religion, King.

   National Flower

National FlowerRomduol, a small yellowish-white flower, is the national flower of the Kingdom of Cambodia. Since ancient times, Cambodian women have often been compared to the Romduol flower because of its attractive fragrance; a unique scent that is prominent in the late afternoon and can travel over long distances with the wind. With its sturdy stems that measure up to 30cm, the Romduol plant can grow to a height of 12 meters. These plants are being planted to enhance public parks.  Source: Cambodian Ministry of Tourism

Activities in Cambodia

A vacation is defined as leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure.   Vacation to some is to surrender oneself to total freedom and travel in search of pristine beaches in some exotic destinations.  Yet to others, a vacation is when you would want to explore new exotic territories or to adventure into something you had always wanted to do but didn’t find the time to. Whatever your desires may be, recreational opportunities abound in Cambodia.

The pristine beaches of Cambodia are described to be amongst the best in the world and what other place is there where one can be mystified by the grandeur and charms of an ancient city such as the Angkor or be romanced by the culture of a populace that was once recognised as one of the most powerful in the continent of Asia.  Cambodia – A World of Wonder awaits you.

Here are some recommended activities to entertain you during your visit to Cambodia.  Click on them for details.

Cultural Tourism:

  • Visit the magnificent Angkor Wat, a heritage of humanity and world wonder
  • Explore other ancient Khmer temples such as those in Siem Reap, Preah Vihear, Kandal, Takeo, etc
  • Tracing frescos and murals of the ancient temples.
  • Visit Buddhist pagodas and museums in Siem Reap and Phnom Penh
  • Visit monuments in Phnom Penh, e.g. the Independence Monument
  • Watch kites flying in Phnom Penh; a tradition dating back many centuries.
  • Join and observe the Royal Ploughing Ceremony
  • Watch Buffalo Races during Pchum Ben Festival
  • Watch boat racing in Phnom Penh & Siem Reap during Water Festival
  • Participate in Khmer traditional games and dancing during festivals such as the Khmer New Year, etc
  • Visit the indigenous people of the rural areas.

Eco Tourism:

  • Visit floating villages of the Kampong Phluk Commune in Siem Reap Province
  • Bird-watching is a popular recreation at the Prèk Toal habitats in Siem Reap Province
  • Visit wildlife sanctuaries in the Provinces
  • Take boat rides on the Tonlé Sap Lake and along the mighty Mekong River
  • Watch fishing activities on the Tonlé Sap Lake and the mighty Mekong River
  • Kayak through the Mangroves in Koh Kong
  • Explore and take a hike through the jungles of the Angkor area
  • Rent a bicycle and cycle around the countryside of Siem Reap
  • Explore mountain caves/ caverns in Kampot Province
  • Trek on elephant back through the jungles of Mondulkiri or Ratanakiri
  • Explore and relax on the Tonsay Island in Kèp City
  • Enjoy the pristine beaches of Rong Island in Sihanouk Ville
  • Visit the waterfalls in Kampot Province and Kampong Speu Province
  • Swimming and scuba-diving in Sihanouk Ville, Koh Kong Province, and Kèp City
  • Explore coral reefs at the bottom of the sea of Sihanouk Ville
  • Boat ride through the mangrove forest at the Ream National Park in Sihanouk Ville
  • Spot sea dolphins at the Ream National Park in Sihanouk Ville
  • Go sailing and paragliding in Sihanouk Ville
  • Island hopping; discover the many islands of Koh Kong Province
  • Hike to the Chambok Waterfalls at Kirirom National Park in Kampong Speu Province
  • Cruising down the river from the Andong Toek to the Village Chi Phat in the southern Mountain Range of the Cardamom
  • Trek the jungles of the Mountain Range of the Cardamom
  • Go Camping in the jungles of the Mountain Range of the Cardamom
  • Visit the Pong Roul Waterfall on the Srè Ambel River
  • Visit the Ramsar wetland in Stung Treng
  • Cruise down the Mekong River from Stung Treng to Kratie
  • Spot and observe the Mekong River dolphins at the Kampi resort in Kratie
  • Trek the Virachey National Park in Rattanak Kiri
  • Swim in the crystal clear waters of the Yeak Laom Lake, Rattanak Kiri
  • Visit the Bousra Waterfalls in Mondul Kiri
  • Visit the Srè Pok Wilderness Area in Mondul Kiri
  • Elephant riding in Rattanak Kiri and Mondul Kiri
  • Meet the indigenous people of Rattanak Kiri and Mondul Kiri provinces
  • Discover the trails of the mighty Mekong River.

When Night Falls

  • Watch cultural performances over dinner
  • Visit the Casinos in Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville, Pailin and Bavet
  • Visit the pubs, karaoke bars and night club
  • Take a night cruise up the mighty Mekong River
  • Go to the Night Markets in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap


Source: Ministry of Tourism

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